Please go through these calendars for both Spring and Autumn Calving herds and be aware of
when and why you carry out all tasks. I have highlighted particular jobs which you need to know the reasons why you do them. Jobs for both cows and calves are listed.

These guidelines are sourced from the Better Beef Farm's Health plans.

These can also be used as a template for your project if you are focusing on Beef.

Click on image to enlarge

Spring Calving Herd


Autumn Calving Herd





date Tuesday, April 10, 2018

Photos from today's experiment on the effect of light rate on Photosynthesis. Please watch the clip below to revise.

date Wednesday, March 21, 2018


Silage analysis from our last field trip in Feb 2018. I have highlighted important terms for LC Ag Science below. 
Overview 
Preparation   
Field reseeded in July 2015 with Perennial Ryegrass/Clover mix. 
Field closed 7 weeks prior to harvesting after grazing ewes with lambs
Fertiliser application - 2 bags of 18-6-12 per acre and 1 bag of Nitrogen
Harvesting
Harvested on 2nd June 2017 
Cut in morning and baled that afternoon as rain was forecast the following day.



DMD (Dry Matter Digestibility) - 72.2
is an accurate and reliable test of the feeding value of this silage.
DMDs of 70% and over are good and we are quite happy with the this result. 
The DMD result is used to estimate energy of the silage, as well as expected live weight gains/milk yields and planning supplementation rates. 
Metabolisable Energy (ME) -10.8  
Measures the usable energy of the silage which is higher at the young leafy grass stage and lower at the hay stage. 
Our value is good but could be improved by cutting the grass earlier when it is more leafy. This would however reduce the number of bales.
pH - 3.97
pH, normally 3.8 to 4.2, measures the silage acidity and so the ability of the silage to store. Reduced intakes can occur with too low a pH while a high pH in low dry matter silages can be an indicator of poor fermentation. .
Crude Protein- 12.5
Levels are a direct reflection of the quality of the grass at the time of harvest. Young leafy grass produces high protein silage while older stemmy grass produces low protein silage. Protein levels in grass can also be much higher earlier in the silage season than in mid-summer.



Dry matter (DM %) -20.9
This is the amount of silage material after water has been removed. Generally the higher the dry matter the higher the potential intake of silage. However silages that are too dry can give rise to moulds and heating.
We would not be overly happy with this as ideally we would like the DM to be +30%. Unfortunately we were unable to let the grass wilt for 24 hours after cutting as heavy rain was forecast for the following day. Ideally we would have cut the grass in late afternnon to ensure high sugar content and wilt. We did shake the field once before baling to remove as much water as possible.

date Tuesday, March 13, 2018




The results from the soil sample taken in October 2017 from our first  Field trip have came back. Please open to the document to see more clearly.

I have edited so as to highlight the areas important for your Ag project. The have a yellow star beside it.

Key terms -

pH - the acidity of the soil. Ideal pH for grass is 6.3 Can be improved by adding lime. On our farm all fields could do with some addition of lime. One field in particular needs particular attention. Which one? We will apply lime to this field over the course of 2 years as you should never apply more than 2 tonnes per acre in any one application as this will badly affect soil structure.

LR - Lime requirement

P and K - The phosphorus and potassium levels are graded on an index from 1 to 4 with 1 being the lowest. It is advised that all grasslands should be at index 3 to make the best use of all fertiliser applications. We need to address this in most fields. The most cost efficient way is by spreading slurry and FYM though we may use a compound fertiliser like 18-6-12 to help this.

Overall we have found many benefits from taking this particular soil test. 

It highlights nutrient deficiencies in areas of our farm and as such gives us the knowledge how to address it. It must be noted that achieving best conditions in all fields will not be required as our farm has a low stocking rate and as such the input improvement costs need to taken into account when progressing the farm business forward.  

date Tuesday, March 6, 2018

Please revise these flashcards for up coming Mock exams

date Wednesday, February 7, 2018

5th Year Field Trips



Each write up should cover the topics discussed along with relevant pictures.
It is important to discuss the relevance to agriculture of each particular topic.
You can use your notes and book to expand. It is fine to use bullet points.

Field Trip 1

Soil Sampling
Why do it?
Importance of pH
Soil index
Equipment used
Method used
How to address results

Types of Grassland
Examples of each
How it affects the type of farming on each grassland


Field Trip 2

Sheep scanning
What is it
When do you do it
Why do you do it
What do you do with the results

Raddling the Ram
What is it
Why do it

Animal Nutrition
Bulky feeds
Concentrates

Environmental Schemes (GLAS)
What are they
Why does the farmer do it
Give examples of different types of measures in GLAS

date Monday, February 5, 2018

Hi 5th Years. Please watch the clip below and be able to answer the questions for tomorrow.

date Wednesday, October 18, 2017